Bengkulu Tourism Objects Fort Marlborough.After approximately 140 years the British Government was in Bengkulu, many leave their "legacy" historic relic.One of them is Fort Marlborough.Marlborough Castle is a British legacy solid structures built in 1713 until 1719 during the leadership of Governor Joseph Collet.
The name of this fort to use the name of an English nobleman and hero, namely John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough I.The fort is considered the largest in Asia.This heritage has great appeal because of its rarity.The fort was once a center of British colonial rule that controls the Bengkulu province for about 140 years (1685-1825), so this castle still has a shape corresponding to the original design of the building of the 17th century.It is an attraction that is rarely found elsewhere. Site area of Marlborough Castle is located in an area with natural tourist beach, the Beach Tread Padri.Thus providing a mix of natural and cultural attractions.Completeness of this region as a tourist attraction can be a great potential to be a leading tourist attraction for the city of Bengkulu.
Marlborough Castle was built since has held a strategic function in the field of ideology, politics, economics, social, cultural, defense and security.Historical potential of such an attractive commodity research.This potential has a great value in enriching scholarly study.
John Bastin in his book entitled: The British in West Sumatra (1685-1825) A Selection Documents with An Introduction.Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press, 1965., A great deal of information about events around Fort Marlborough.Even more interesting is the use of official documents from the British government, based in Fort Malborough, including a document called SFR (Sumatra Factory Records).The work of this library can be a source of information that can provide the attraction for foreign tourists as well as the archipelago.As one of the information from John Bastin is interesting that the Fort Marlborough never abandoned by the British government for almost five years, ie in 1719-1724.Of course it's interesting to know more about who's mastered over the years 1719-1724 Fort Marlborough, and what really happened during these five years.
Such information must contain a high historical value and is a valuable scientific resource.As a relic of history full of potential scientific, Fort Marlborough has had its own market segment, namely students and students.
In 1712 Joseph Collet was appointed as Deputy Governor, he asked permission to replace the fortress York and build a new fortress on the rock, a small hill overlooking the sea about 2 km from the fortress York.In 1714 began the construction and completed in 1718.Yoseph dab called the fort "Malborough" which is the Duke Of Malborough first became a national hero after he won some battles against the French and other enemies.
In the reign of Thomas Stamford Raffles in Bengkulu 1818-1824 became famous.In 1825 the British who controlled Bengkulu conduct exchanges with the Dutch who mastered Malaysia and Singapore. The next Dutch occupied the fort Malborough until World War II that eventually all areas of Sumatra, the Japanese army occupied until Japan surrendered in 1945.After independence in 1945 the fort was used by the TNI and the police until 1970.After the independence of Indonesia Bengkulu is one of the Prefecture in the Province of South Sumatra, Bengkulu new materialized in 1968 became an independent province and separated from South Sumatra Province.
What are the attractions offered to visitors of this? The visitors can see the greatness of the power of colonial power in his time by building a big castle and still awake completeness ini.Kemudian enjoy panoramic sea from one side of the castle which is beautiful in the evening, for the lodging of the tourists do not need to bother anymore, because there are hotels and lodging at a maximum radius of 1 km from the fort.